Purshottam Ram, the “Treta Yug”
incarnation of Lord Vishnu is worshipped as
an ideal of model conduct and character His
consort, Sita is worshipped as an ideal of chastity
and virtue. Circumstances, ordained by the Almighty,
compelled Sita to return to the lap of her Mother
Earth when people questioned her chastity. Sitamarhi
is the place where she entered into the earth.
Marriage of Ram-Sita, and the
consequent separation was pre-determined. When
Narad Muni had to undergo humiliation at the
Vishwamohini, he had cursed Lord Vishnu
that he too would have to experience the agony
of separation from his beloved in ‘Treta
Yug‘. Thus Lord Ram
could not enjoy the company of Sita. The couple
had to spend 14 years in exile and it was then
that Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, king of Lanka.
She had to spend a long time in the confinement
of Ravana. Later, when Ravana was killed by
Lord Ram and Sita was taken to Ayodhya , people
questioned her purity as she had spent a long
time in Ravana’s confinement. Lord Ram
who was the model of ideal conduct honoured
the verdict of the people and sent Sita to exile
once again, where the twins Luv & Kush were
born. Meanwhile in Ayodhya , Lord Ram conducted
the Ashwamedha Yajna, and the horse of the Yagna
was held by Luv and Kush who had been educated
and trained as great warriors by Rishi Valmiki
. When Lord Ram came face to face with the twins
who challenged him to a duel, Rishi Valmiki
intervened and told Ram that Luv & Kush
were his sons, and that Sita was living in his
Ashram. He asked Ram to take Sita back to Ayodhya
and perform the Ashwamedh Yagna by sitting beside
his wife. Ram told Valmiki that he would take
Sita back only if she re-established her purity
before the people of Ayodhya. Sita could not
bear the insult anymore and prayed to Mother
Earth to give shelter to her. Mother Earth erupted
and Sita entered into it. Lord Ram was stunned
to see this unexpected development and tried
to stop Sita from entering the earth but could
catch her hair only. This story of Sita’s
second exile is emotionally narrated by Valmiki
in his Ramayana and then by Kalidas in “Raghuvansham”
besides Radheshyam in his Ramayana.
Sitamarhi - Some Evidence
are two places known as Sitamarhi
one where Sita was found by Raja Janak while
ploughing the fields in Bihar, and the other
where Sita returned to the lap of Mother Earth
near Allahabad where stands the Ashram of Rishi
Valmiki on the holy banks of the Ganga. The
epic Ramayana was authored by Valmiki, who made
his Ashram near this spot. Sita was not born
(Ajanma) she was found by Raja Janak in an earthen
pitcher while ploughing a field hence she is
known as the daughter of the earth. Swami Jiterndranand
Tirth , a saint from Rishikesh while travelling
on foot along the holy Ganga in 1991 in search
of God and self realisation, experienced something
unique and great after covering around 900 kms.
This was a small sleepy village, known as ‘Sitamarhi’.
The locals believed that Sita had descended
into the earth at this very place, situated
next to Valmiki Ashram , a little distance away
from the Ganga. Swamiji saw a small valley with
a mound in the middle surrounded by four small
hillocks. He was surprised to see that the earthen
mound could not be washed away though a water
stream had been flowing regularly at the place
for centuries together. Swamiji decided to break
his journey and stay there. He cleansed a portion
of that mound and started meditating there.
He felt some vibrations and realized the bliss
of Sita. Then he found a typical grass grown
on the slope of the hillocks which was worshipped
by the local womanfolk as the sacred hair of
are three factors which prove that this was
indeed the place where Sitaji had descended
into the earth.
Sita was abandoned near Valmiki Ashram during
her exile, and the Ashram stands in Sitamarhi.
was situated on the banks of the holy Ganga
as described in the epic Ramayana and could
be reached on a chariot from Ayodhya in a
day. Valmiki has explained the geographical
position of his ashram near the confluence
of Tamsa and Ganga.
author of Ram Charit Manas , Goswami Tulsidas
had visited this place while travelling from
Varanasi (Kashi ) to Allahabad (Prayag) and
stayed for three days. He described the location
of Sitamarhi between Baripur and Digpur. The
two villages still exist and testify the location.
He explained the location in his Kavitawali
Uttarkand couplet 138.
& Kush were born here and at the same
place valmiki wrote Valmiki's Ramayan...
It is said that desired wishes of the
Bhakt who light a lamp here are always fulfilled...
holy saint on whose inspiration the Mandir
Punj Model School
Punj Model School established for social improvement
of the people through education...